Case Study: Huge Marketing budget doesn’t mean Sales!!!

Generally, most Middle Eastern FMCG and Retail brands spend enormous amount of money on communications each year to sustain survival or grow by a small fraction. Most of these Brands hardly double their digits over the years; some claim that they’ve doubled their sales, HOW? You need to grow in channels to double your sales but it’s merely impossible to double your sales from the previous two years without Channel Reach. We witness price increase every few years and that should not be the comparing yardstick with previous years. Only by Innovating values to address different segments of the Market, over extending SKUs, can add to growth

Now most marketers base their decision on Market Research, hardly any that I’ve met or known is thinking outside the box to move away from the long repetitive patterns that we all witnessed throughout the past generations. For example, what Nescafe started as a trend is followed by many local Brands, what Pampers started as a trend is followed by many to this day

The look and feel of Brands are relatively the same across the board and since most professional marketers in the region are graduates of the two multinational schools i.e. P&G and Unilever, they intend to follow the same pattern of their respective experience at local level, even the practice remains the same. Now, we understand at the local level that the scope is different as it requires all sort of development unlike the previous experience on both Brand and Marketing strategy as well as Tactics

Most of the local Brands hardly own any Brand strategy; they carry two types of strategies:  ‘Design’ and ‘Communication’ (both are extremely evident on their Brands). Now, most require a massive Communication budget in order to maintain the current level of sales or increase by few percentages each year, why? In most cases if you don’t own a relevant Brand or Marketing Strategy, you’ll depend on Advertising to push your message forward, for example: Management and Advertising agencies are aware of Rabea’s new Positioning and Promise but is the public aware? Did Rabea educate the public on their recent evolution? Not from what I saw but apparently this seems to be the current logic which is commodities over Brands

If we look deeper, into the local FMCG Brands, their 2 major problems are their ‘Brand Strategy’ and ‘Marketing Mix’ that’s resulting in a small fraction in growth which is between 5-10% because most are missing the point that Brands are about Values and not Market Research Data that dictates what they should do next. For instance, if we take Cofique and Rabea as local brands from FMCG sector, hardly their audience can understand their Market Positioning, Brand Promise or even the single idea they’re trying to sell, they are relatively offering the same values of their Direct Competitors who are also the category owners, Nescafe and Lipton respectively

If you take Al Nahdi as a Retail Brand, hardly their audience is connected with their Repositioning, though their goal is to move from Pharmacy to Lifestyle (to grab Market share from Faces, Paris Gallery etc.), that’s a Category Shift in which the Brand must resonate before the Marketing Mix. Today after 3 years, customers still think of Al Nahdi as a Pharmacy same as before (with only a face lift and addition of more product categories). The incredible amount  Al Nahdi spent on communication at the launch with the message ‘Hope’ addressed a particular value, NOT all of values that Al Nahdi  had planned to offer. It had a message but lacked the Brand strategy that could’ve helped the evolution. If one plans to apply the Boots model, then you need to apply the model across the board. I must say that they’ve done an incredible work if compared with their past

There are reasons why would we use massive Communications budgets, there are reasons why we need them and how will they support our overall goals. If the single goal is to help deliver your tactical strategies (promotions) then fine because it’s relevant to be in store (customer experience).  There are fundamental issues here, so what will a huge communication budget do? Rabea for instance has over 40 SKUs, Cofique has a good number of SKUs for a Brand that launched 5 years ago, I mean the Brand never fully matured and the management already extended their SKUs. Cofique is offering Nescafe’s values and that’s very evident but management need to understand that to solve the problem is to offer different values as consumers find Nescafe relevant and preferred, not Cofique.  Cofique spent enormous amount of money on Marketing since its launch and yet for the past 5 years the brand suffered enormously. I predicted Cofique’s failure from the day they launched. I advised the management of their approach but they seemed to take things personally and they ignored my advice, the sad reality in our region is that no one likes to be corrected or be recipients of advice from subject matter experts

Let’s looks at sales of the following brands for 2015 and you, the readers, be the judge. This case study is based on 4 different Brands (3 FMCG & 1 Retail). The Brands are Rabea, Cofique, femi9 and Code Red (the energy drink)

  • Rabea tea is a heritage tea brand with over 60 years in the business, founded by a family with great legacy in the tea business. Today in 2015, Rabea’s annual sales stand at SR. 400 million ($ 107 million) with 40 SKUs more or less. Rabea’s annual sales 5 years ago were approximately SR. 300 Million, an additional hundred million increase since five years is partially due to Price increase. Rabea annual marketing budget is relatively good amount of money that goes across all activities. Here’s the breakdown:
    • Rabea Sales 2015: SR. 400 million
      • Loose Tea: SR. 150 million
      • Tea bags: SR. 150 million
      • Other SKUs: SR. 100 million

Loose Tea is losing sales because of Tea bags as they are considered more trendy and convenient by younger generation

Tea as a category is losing 2% to Coffee because the latter is becoming more favored by the younger generation due to its variety of tastes (Mocha, Espresso, Cappuccino etc.) plus it’s also considered as a trendy drink due to growth in café culture that is adding to this perception. Rabea should own the tea category but that’s not the reality today. 5 years ago with a SR. 30 million budget, Rabea was growing 5% and bottom line 10%, on average. Today, Rabea has aggressively evolved the proposition and introduced different SKUs like long leaf in Tea bags, yet sales are not very high compared with past levels

  • Cofique is a local coffee brand which since its launch has went through aggressive Brand visit exercise for the past 5 years and yet suffers to connect with the audience till today, why? Well the sales values that are owned by Nescafe. Their total annual Sales are almost 10 to 15 million with over 20 SKUs. Sounds crazy, doesn’t it? Well they’ve spent enormous amount of money since launch and one will expect that in their 5th year they’ve reached maturity in their sales. In 2010, I had the honor of meeting the head of Marketing and I advised him NOT to go ahead with his plans but he felt offended, took things personal and decided to go ahead anyway. A free advice could have saved a lot trouble. They should’ve launched a subcategory than go head to head with the category owner
  • Code Red is a local energy drink focused mainly on Marketing Mix and a defined audience. Their total sales in 2015 have been SR. 350 million from one single SKU, Code Red spent around SR. 100,000 on Advertising in the past 10 years, they don’t own a website, nor they are active on Social Media. In fact all the videos and social media pages are created by their ‘loyal customers’, Code Red offered a unique set of values to their audience. Many might argue and say, Code Red is not in modern trade, therefore not much Marketing budget is required but the reality is that Code Red had a clear Marketing strategy addressing the entire Mix. It focused on a target audience more relevant to Code Red i.e. which doesn’t shop for energy drinks in modern trade

    Branding and Marketing is all about relevance which is why today Code Red is a Brand!

  • Femi9 is a Saudi fashion retail outlet focused on women casual wear that started from a humble beginning with two stores in Riyadh. The owner is a visionary and ambitious, today Femi9 operates in most of GCC, North Africa and Switzerland with total approx. sales of SR. 200 million. The Brand spent less than SR. 10 million on advertising in the last 15 years. Its growth continues to this day

So I beg to ask, what would a huge Communications budget achieve? Great results? No! Can any of the Marketers work without a Communications budget? Well, a brilliant Brand and Marketing strategy would achieve enormous growth. Code Red and Femi9, both local Brands, are able to continuously grow with minimal Marketing budget and yet both Brands have their loyal customers that advocate for them. Today out of one SKU Code Red earns 75% of what Rabea earns with over 40 SKUs, you would expect Rabea to sell more given the fact that they spend more on Marketing. Cofique which also spends a lot on its Marketing but with such sales, it needs to re-visit their proposed values and the Brand itself  

Some might discount this case study because I consulted both Femi9 and Code Red in the past which is why I favor them but that’s not true. I intend to speak on huge Communications spendings that should equal results i.e. SALES, therefore logic must prevail for businesses to grow. A brilliant Brand and Marketing strategy is more than enough to create short and long term growth which is why Brands are supposed to be sustainable unlike commodities. Create Your Space and evolve from the old school of Marketing

*All figures obtained from Euromonitor, Nielsen and other sources

 

Said Baaghil is the ‘Unconventional’ Branding and Marketing Adviser to reputable companies in the Middle East, author of many reputable books including the ‘The Power of Belonging’ and a Speaker. Baaghil appeared in books published by America’s experts on Branding and Marketing such as Dan Hill and Libby Gill. Most recently Baaghil was interviewed by world renown Brand Consultancy firm Siegel+Gale on Branding in the Middle East

He can be reached on AskBaaghil.com

The article was first published on Linkedin Pulse on 13th January, 2016

Category, Brand & Unique Values

Always, Category leaders face those that replicate their values on the same propositions. As they say: one success story copied by many BUT always the biggest part of the story is that which one sustains continues growth. On many case studies of existing Brands we’ve seen values evolve to maintain continued growth and those values eventually are replicated by the second and third leading ones within the Category. One of the strongest values is Price but again that’s defined on which segment you’re addressing. In case of candy bars such as Mars, Snickers etc., it’s irrelevant to address a specific target audience as they’re for all demographics that wish to consume frequently or occasionally whereas with respect to timings of consumption, the segment differs on the basis of psychographics i.e. the older segment of the audience is less motivated to consume frequently and to consumer on particular kind of day while the younger audience has no preference when it comes to timing at all. Brands with a single unique set of values and those with more than one, matter but few that have ‘Signal Values’ can easily over shadow a Competitive Category. For example:

In the Saudi market, Al Baik addresses all audiences and not a specific one, is it because of Price? The values are much greater today as a Brand than just Price. Al Baik is not a Commodity; Al Baik is purely a Brand with clear Core Values. If we look at the Fried Chicken category in which Al Baik operates, it is the undisputed owner and champion of the category and many have tried to copy and sell the same values of Al Baik but the Brand is fundamentally deep rooted within the hearts and minds of the audience. To add more, Al Baik is one of the very few timeless Brands easily inherited through generations. Al Baik created its space and the only single way that it can lose that space is when they stop innovating their values or their current values start deteriorating

Countless times we’ve seen the no. 2 within a Category either upholding to Category leader’s Brand values or offers Price as a value. We’ve seen this example with many of the local/regional Brands as latter entrants to any of the FMCG categories. Price as single strong value can turn a Brand into a Commodity, just walk into any supermarket aisles and see the amount of tactical approach to push products off shelves. Brands are about values and great brands improve their values. Look at Apple in general or its iPhone, look at Google, Emirates, Visa, Mercedes-Benz and other great Brands; see the unique values these Brands hold and ask why their customers or users are willing to find them to be the most relevant/preferred. The value of owning a Mercedes-Benz is extremely different than the value of owning a Lexus, the value of owing Samsung is completely different than the value of owning an iPhone, the value of having a Starbucks coffee is different than the value of having Duncan Donuts coffee, the value of owning a Mac is much different than the value of owing a PC

Another great local examples is Rabea. In my previous article about the Brand, I touched a bit on the evolution of Rabea Tea to address the current generation. The management decided to evolve across most of their SKUs and introduce one more (SKU or Brand) named Kick. Let’s analyze the current situation:

149cf45Rabea evolved the entire value proposition but left the Brand as is. This might serve the short-term goal but in the long-term, Rabea would have to rely on the Brand and not commodity. Rabea looks at tactical approach and immediate returns over a long-term strategy that would evolve both the Brand and the (Marketing) Mix. The recent launch of Kick (SKU to management, Brand to consumers) is a sign of both evolution and the quest for immediate returns. Kick by Rabea tea is an extra caffeine tea that keeps you awake, the concept is brilliant but the core problem is that Kick tried to own strong Coffee values, namely:

  1. Caffeine
  2. Keeping You Awake

These two values are well-Branded with Coffee so how did Rabea Marketing planned to evolve these two values which are too strong to hold on to? That’s just mission impossible because it’s a war with an entire Coffee Category. Kick clearly lacked a fundamental Brand strategy; even the visual communication had functional attributes such as ‘Alarm clock’

Suggestions:

Kick by Rabea Tea is a brilliant idea but the trouble is that Tea is not inspiring it’s boring to most youth and that requires behavior change. Tea is much healthier than coffee, there are 190 or more type of teas Rabea needs to address within the Wellness segment which is one of the fast growing population, globally

Rabea needs to revisit their Brand strategy to align with their current proposition and align the essence of the Brand with the core values

I’m not attacking Rabea, l’m addressing where I see the mistake and am suggesting the way forward. Most in our region hate to be corrected; in fact they ride on what’s wrong that’s why we’re several decades behind in almost everything

Brands are about unique sets of values. Each of these values is a reference to the owned Category. Evolving values owned by a Category is an impossible task in Branding unless several supporting unique sets of values are associated
Said Baaghil is the ‘Unconventional’ Branding and Marketing Adviser to reputable companies in the Middle East, author of many reputable books including the ‘The Power of Belonging’ and a Speaker. Baaghil appeared in books published by America’s experts on Branding and Marketing such as Dan Hill and Libby Gill. Most recently Baaghil was interviewed by world renown Brand Consultancy firm Siegel+Gale on Branding in the Middle East

He can be reached on AskBaaghil.com

The article was first published on Linkedin Pulse on 21st December, 2015